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Maciej Laskosz | 13 lutego 2015 14:04

Redakcja radzi: Problemy z turbosprężarką

We współczesnych silnikach turbosprężarka to praktycznie standard. Turbodiesle w samochodach osobowych pojawiły się już w latach 70. i z czasem przywykliśmy do nich na tyle, że teraz nikogo nie dziwią, tak samo jak turbodoładowane motory benzynowe o małej pojemności. Jednak element ten wymaga szczególnego traktowania, a nie każdy o tym wie.

Coraz bardziej wyśrubowane normy emisji spalin i pogoń za wydobyciem jak największej liczby koni mechanicznych z każdego centymetra pojemności skokowej to dla inżynierów projektujących silniki chleb powszedni. Według nich nowoczesne turbosprężarki powinny bez problemów przejść wraz z motorem cały cykl życiowy samochodu. Powinny, ale rzeczywistość jest nieco inna. Turbodoładowane silniki lubią wracać do warsztatu nawet, zanim przebieg auta wyniesie 50 tysięcy kilometrów.

Pomijając niedoróbki konstrukcyjne, winni są przede wszystkim użytkownicy. I choć w samochodach z takimi jednostkami napędowymi umieszczane są naklejki informacyjne, a instrukcje obsługi poświęcają tematowi z reguły kilka stron, większość ludzi, świadomie lub nie, ignoruje podane tam zasady. Wystarczyłoby jednak przyjrzeć się, jakim obciążeniom jest poddawana turbosprężarka w samochodzie, a wiele awarii można byłoby uniknąć.

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